Presentation Study Guide 4.1

Lesson 4: What It Means To Know


Video Part 4.1A and 4.1B
I. Introduction
A. Confusion
B. Contrasting views of knowledge
1. Greek view
2. Hebrew view

a. Relationship between the knower and the known

b. Personal meaning

c. Commitment to action

3. Modernism vs post modernism

4. Biblical view of knowledge 

Video Part 4.2A and 4.2B
II. Learning from modern educational philosophies

A. Worldview/philosophy link

B. General philosophy vs educational philosophy

1. Benefit of study

2. Defined

3. General philosophy: Three divisions

a. Metaphysics

b. epistemology

c. axiology   

4. Educational philosophy: A necessity for educators      

C. Teacher centered to student centered continuum

1. Primary characteristics

2. Primary objectives and goals   

Video Part 4.3A and 4.3B

D. Six philosophical models  

E. God centered alternative model 


  1. Summarize the Greek view of knowledge. What are some ways the Greek view of knowledge is reflected in modern educational thinking? 
  2. In what ways does the Greek view of knowledge differ from the Hebrew scriptural view?
  3. According to Van Brummelen, we gain knowledge through God’s revelation of Himself. How does God do that?
  4. For the Old Testament believer, what was the evidence that someone truly “knew”?
  5. Give a brief summary of the tenets of both modernism and post-modernism. What would you say is the main difference between the two? 
  6. How does Van Brummelen’s “A Biblical View of Knowledge” counter (or challenge) the views of modernism and post-modernism? (Hint: How might you use his summary to answer someone challenging your position from a modernist position? And, from a post-modernist position?)